Saturday, May 23, 2020

Analysis Of Shakespeares Play Julius Caesar By William...

With the rise and fall of certain genres in theatre, the ever-changing dramatical theories put to action and the common view of entertainment and fashion over the years, a lot has changed in theatre practise since Shakespeare’s time. This essay will consider how William Shakespeare’s play ‘Julius Caesar’ may have been performed during the Elizabethan era and how the differences in process, scriptwriting, space and more may vary from today’s recreations of his work. This should help to better understand and analyse the play itself and may even influence how we interpret it ourselves both in text and onstage. The first thing to note about Shakespeare’s work is the lack of detailed or overly-descriptive stage directions in the original†¦show more content†¦To keep with you at meals, comfort your bed And talk to you sometimes? Dwell I but in the Suburbs Of your good pleasure? If it be no more, Portia is Brutus’ harlot, not his wife . ( ) As we can see here the editorial stage directions added in the 2010 Macmillan version of the script by Jonathan Bate and Eric Rasmussen are the only one’s present, meaning that when the production was originally staged there were no stage directions on the folio for the actors to follow. However, Shakespeare leaves subtle little clues and suggestions within the text itself, in this particular example the words â€Å"upon my knees† indicate the action. This allows the actors to organise entrances/exits themselves depending on the location and cast of the production. Often these hints can be found in the formatting of the verse – the placement of a grammatical pause, the fragmentation of the iambic pentameter and other such things. ( ) This is relevant to the original performance conditions as it had a direct effect on rehearsals and staging. Over time stage directions have become more descriptive and extensive, with the author having a much more detailed image of what they want a scene to look like or the characters to be like. When talking of the rehearsal process itself, the putting together of the piece, Shakespeare’s work was not like this – each actor received their own lines and small indications of cues, never actually setting theirShow MoreRelatedJulius Caesar Character Analysis Essay1017 Words   |  5 Pages The author of Julius Caesar is William Shakespeare, an English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language. He was born on July 13 in 1564 and died in 1616. It was written to be a tragedy and was one of the seventh plays written off true events that happened in Roman time. Also includes Coriolanus, Antony, and Cleopatra. Drama of the pla y focuses on Brutus’ struggle between the conflicting demands of honor, patriotism, and friendship. Opens with â€Å"twoRead MoreA Historical Overview Of Julius Caesar Essay1452 Words   |  6 PagesA Historical Overview of Julius Caesar (Shakespeare style) The fate of a nation determined by one man. With classic alliances and betrayals, the tale of Julius Caesar is still regarded as one of the greatest betrayals in human history. The fate of Rome was heading toward a dictatorship. Only the Roman Republic could stop Julius Caesar from ruling Rome. Little did the Roman Republic know that this assassination would later cause Octavian Caesar to become the first Emperor of the Roman Empire in 27Read MoreEssay about Julius Caesar: Superstition, Sacrifice, Suffering and Sorrow1032 Words   |  5 Pagesgods (The Roman Empire). In the play Julius Caesar, the author William Shakespeare uses superstition repeatedly to affect the plot as well as the characters. Superstition in the play is used to foreshadow Caesar’s death, impact Brutus’ actions in the battlefield and to emphasize the Roman’s connection to superstition and fate. One of the biggest superstitious beliefs in Rome at that time was the power to see the future; which Caesar’s future was to die. Julius Caesar was one of Rome’s greatest leadersRead MoreRhetoric and Betrayal in Julius Caeser Play1486 Words   |  6 PagesWilliam Shakespeare’s famous play Julius Caesar utilizes the literary element of rhetoric multiple times throughout to show the true power that words can hold. The rhetoric in Caesar accompanies the play’s themes of betrayal, deception, and exaggeration. Brutus uses rhetoric to persuade the crowd of plebeians that the murdering of Caesar was positive and beneficial to all of Rome, winning their support and causing them to join his cause. Soon after, Mark Antony gives a terrifically-persuasive speechRead MoreReligion in Hamlet Essay1149 Words   |  5 PagesThe Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, is one of the most famous tragedies William Shakespeare has ever written. Found throughout Shakespeareâ₠¬â„¢s tragedy are many religious references. According to Peter Milward, the author of Shakespeares Christianity: The Protestant and Catholic Poetics of Julius Caesar, Macbeth, and Hamlet, â€Å"From a purely religious point of view, which is more than just biblical, Hamlet is rich in homiletic material of all kinds, reflecting almost every aspect of the religiousRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare: Analysis of the Famous Playwright Essay1026 Words   |  5 PagesAn analysis of the famous playwright, William Shakespeare, reveals the struggles he overcame and activities he did during his childhood, as a playwright, his involvement with the Globe theatre after moving to England, and during the time of his death, along with some interesting and concerning facts about him. William Shakespeare lived a normal childhood along with his parents and siblings. Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon on April 23, 1564 as the third of eight Shakespeare childrenRead MoreThe Story of Julius Caesar1213 Words   |  5 PagesWilliam Shakespeares epic and tragic telling of the story of Julius Caesar, provides an interesting and helpful way of examining history in a dramatic context. The concept of violence is evident throughout the entire play. The interpretative quality of violence, and the relative effectiveness of its usage, provides a useful lens for understanding this work. For this essay, I intend to examine the three characters of Brutus, Cassius and Marc Anthony using this particular focus. I will demonstrateRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Julius Caesar Essay1833 Words   |  8 Pages INTRODUCTION The seemingly straightforward simplicity of â€Å"Julius Caesar† has made it a perennial favourite for almost 400 years. Despite its simplicity, almost Roman in nature, the play is rich both dramatically and thematically, and every generation since Shakespeare’s time has been able to identify with some political aspect of the play. The Victorians found a stoic, sympathetic character in Brutus and found Caesar unforgivably weak and tyrannical. As we move into the twenty-first century, audiencesRead More William Shakespeares Antony and Cleopatra Essays1003 Words   |  5 PagesWilliam Shakespeares Antony and Cleopatra â€Å"Heaven help the American-born boy with a talent for ballet† – Camille Paglia The prim and proper women and the strong and strapping men are no match for Shakespeare’s haze of character’s muddled together in Antony and Cleopatra. As always Shakespeare delivers a luminary cast of individuals that deviate from the socially accepted gender roles. As the audience works its way through the fierce genesis to the catastrophic resolution, it isRead MoreThe Role of Women in Julius Caesar Essay820 Words   |  4 Pagesgreater woman,† and William Shakespeare exemplifies this concept beautifully in Julius Caesar, in which he effectively used the spouses of the two main characters to add more depth, drama, and literary elements to the play, bringing it to life. Although the only two female characters in Julius Caesar, Portia and Calpurnia do not play a pivotal role in the overall plot of the story, their presence is vital in illuminating and developing the characters of their husbands, Brutus and Caesar. What they reveal

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Business Environment in Canada Free Essay Example, 1500 words

In Canada and must also meet certain experience. For investors who seek to expand their businesses to Canada, they must be experienced in business, they should at least have a minimum of c$1,600,000 net which must have been obtained genuinely, and they should also manage to make an c$800,000 investment (CIC 2010). Nevertheless, business is considered the main backbone of any country and so, being cautious when it comes to foreign investors is very important. In Canada, the main spoken languages are English and French, both of which are national languages. Canada is mainly associated with polite and tolerant people. Generally, the main form of greeting in Canada is by a form of a firm handshake which is inclusive of a smile and a direct eye contact (Gorrill, 2009); however, other forms of greetings may involve a light kiss on the left and right cheek. While invited by somebody for dinner, it is always a good gesture to carry a gift, which may include wine, flowers or chocolates. In the business etiquette, Canadians practice politeness at all times and they expect that others will adhere to politeness as well. We will write a custom essay sample on Business Environment in Canada or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page Non-verbal expressions are mainly used to an emphasis on a message. The Canadians also prefer some distance while communicating with someone. In addition, in Canada, it seems awkward to discuss personal lives with business associates. In the case of business meetings, timekeeping is essential, since Canadians value meetings, and delays are not an excuse. However, meeting appointments are confirmed earlier to avoid any disappointments.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

How motivation theories can be applied in your work-place Free Essays

?Discuss how motivation theories can be applied in your work-place in order to get your work done successfully? Quote with examples to support the answer? Organizations and their managers are understandably concerned about motivation. Every manager and leader should know and work to make sure they keep their employees motivated no matter what place those employees are in their careers. Motivated employees are happy, productive and loyal. We will write a custom essay sample on How motivation theories can be applied in your work-place or any similar topic only for you Order Now Motivation is a temporal and dynamic state that should not be confused with personality or emotion. A motivated person can be reaching for a long-term goal or a more short-term goal. Personality invariably refers to more or less permanent characteristics of an individual’s state of being (e. g. , shy, extrovert, conscientious). As opposed to motivation, emotion refers to temporal states that do not immediately link to behavior (e. g. , anger, grief, happiness). The importance of motivation in the workplace allows managers to create employee motivation action plans. There are many theories of employee motivation in today’s business society, such as Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, MacGregor’s Theories XY, Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory, Three-Needs Theory and Goals-Setting Theory etc. The key to choosing the right one depends on how closely it matches up to your office. In my opinion Maslow’s hierarchy of needs fits best for most business models. Maslow proposed that needs are satisfied in a certain order and that higher-level needs can only be satisfied once lower-level needs are met. The needs are, from bottom to top of the hierarchy: physiological (the need for food and water), safety and security, social, esteem and status, and the need for self-actualization, or living up to one’s full potential. In the workplace, most employees’ physiological needs are met. Given that they feel safe, employees will be concerned about satisfying their needs for social interaction and about receiving positive feedback and support (esteem) for their work. With all of these needs met, employees can stay motivated to do their best work. Employee motivation theories have created success for the workplace and everyday life. The effects have been felt by both employees and leaders. Understanding the importance of motivation leads to self-motivating. Theories of motivation allow us to determine what level of desire a person is willing to excel. With that knowledge in place, leaders can employ proper employee motivation strategies. How to apply those motivation theories into our workplace? Let’s find out some examples in my workplace: Surveys My Company have a big survey every year to all employees. The survey here asked employees 10 questions about their management teams. They grade each manager on a scale of one to five. The areas of questioned covered topics like favoritism, respect, work ethic, following of policy, etc. The results of the survey were used on end of year reviews. Surveys are used widely today by almost every company. Companies use the feedback to discover problems and solutions. They may even shed light on possible new opportunities that were previously overlooked. Surveys can be used in the determination of whether any barriers exist. Barriers can take the form of ethical issues and problems with co-workers just to name a few. It’s critical to identify these existing roadblocks and eliminate them for an easier motivating process. Understanding Employees In my company, management team will spend a little time to talk with each of employees that will go a long way. They not just talk about work; they also talk about what employees like to do outside of work. It makes employees come to the conclusion that company actually care about them. These facts will help them run their business more effectively. The most important point here is that they will not feel just like a number. Setting Goals Our management team setting goals for our projects, we able to persist with the list of tasks and are compelled to develop strategies in order to reach our objective. Goal setting enhances performance by increasing motivation and efforts, but most importantly through increasing and improving the quality of feedback. The main benefit of goal setting is the constant feedback while working toward accomplishing the goal. Most quality feedback requires constant supervisor interaction, but clear goal setting can give employees consistent knowledge about their progress and aid them in self-evaluations and decisions such as increasing effort or changing methods. Employee Recognition Program My Company has set up an employee of the month program. The most outstanding employee will have awards like gift cards, days off. These programs are designed to motivate employees through awards. If just use traditional things like plaques and coffee mugs that say employee of the month. They will feel like you went out of your way for them. Enjoyable Work Environment This is the most important things to create employees motivation. Having a pleasant workplace environment will help in motivating employees and increase performance. Having fun is also a great way to manage Stress. For example, we will have Christmas party, Annual dinner and Chinese New Year lunch every year provided by company. Assemble Roundtable Committee In my Company, there are some key people like mid-level leaders, Department Heads group together and elect one representative. This individual will meet with management to discuss issues and concerns of the employees. Leaders often will say they have an open door policy. But many employees will not believe this. This committee will allow leaders to maintain a calm workplace. So in short: leaders get a good work environment, committee members feel important, and employees have a way to vent. Cross Training My Company arrange cross training for employees to join. The purpose of cross training is for several people to have knowledge of other coworker’s jobs. This will solve coverage problems like days off and vacations. This is a great way to create employee motivation throughout the company. It will benefit the employees by increasing skills learned, possible advancement and job security. In Conclusion, motivation is a complicated subject to understand because we as people are so individual. Many different factors motivate people in the workplace. It is important that companies find successful ways to motivate employees. If motivation is an issue that is neglected because of its complexity or any other reason the results can be devastating on the long term health of that group. Managers act as the doctors diagnosing the problem and creating effective treatment. If the treatment is carefully prescribed a weak company can become strong and vibrant once again. No other issue has as far reaching effects in so many areas as motivation does in the workplace and careful attention must be made to ensure that those effects are positive and enable further growth. It is also important that employees find ways to relieve stress and make the work day more relaxed. All of these things will make for a pleasant and more productive workplace. How to cite How motivation theories can be applied in your work-place, Papers How motivation theories can be applied in your work-place Free Essays Discuss how motivation theories can be applied in your work-place in order to get your work done successfully? Quote with examples to support the answer? Organizations and their managers are understandably concerned about motivation. Every manager and leader should know and work to make sure they keep their employees motivated no matter what place those employees are in their careers. Motivated employees are happy, productive and loyal. We will write a custom essay sample on How motivation theories can be applied in your work-place? or any similar topic only for you Order Now Motivation is a temporal and dynamic state that should not be confused with personality or emotion. A motivated person can be reaching for a long-term goal or a more short-term goal. Personality invariably refers to more or less permanent characteristics of an individual’s state of being (e. g. , shy, extrovert, conscientious). As opposed to motivation, emotion refers to temporal states that do not immediately link to behavior (e. g. , anger, grief, happiness). The importance of motivation in the workplace allows managers to create employee motivation action plans. There are many theories of employee motivation in today’s business society, such as Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, MacGregor’s Theories XY, Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory, Three-Needs Theory and Goals-Setting Theory etc. The key to choosing the right one depends on how closely it matches up to your office. In my opinion Maslow’s hierarchy of needs fits best for most business models. Maslow proposed that needs are satisfied in a certain order and that higher-level needs can only be satisfied once lower-level needs are met. The needs are, from bottom to top of the hierarchy: physiological (the need for food and water), safety and security, social, esteem and status, and the need for self-actualization, or living up to one’s full potential. In the workplace, most employees’ physiological needs are met. Given that they feel safe, employees will be concerned about satisfying their needs for social interaction and about receiving positive feedback and support (esteem) for their work. With all of these needs met, employees can stay motivated to do their best work. Employee motivation theories have created success for the workplace and everyday life. The effects have been felt by both employees and leaders. Understanding the importance of motivation leads to self-motivating. Theories of motivation allow us to determine what level of desire a person is willing to excel. With that knowledge in place, leaders can employ proper employee motivation strategies. How to apply those motivation theories into our workplace? Let’s find out some examples in my workplace: Surveys My Company have a big survey every year to all employees. The survey here asked employees 10 questions about their management teams. They grade each manager on a scale of one to five. The areas of questioned covered topics like favoritism, respect, work ethic, following of policy, etc. The results of the survey were used on end of year reviews. Surveys are used widely today by almost every company. Companies use the feedback to discover problems and solutions. They may even shed light on possible new opportunities that were previously overlooked. Surveys can be used in the determination of whether any barriers exist. Barriers can take the form of ethical issues and problems with co-workers just to name a few. It’s critical to identify these existing roadblocks and eliminate them for an easier motivating process. Understanding Employees In my company, management team will spend a little time to talk with each of employees that will go a long way. They not just talk about work; they also talk about what employees like to do outside of work. It makes employees come to the conclusion that company actually care about them. These facts will help them run their business more effectively. The most important point here is that they will not feel just like a number. Setting Goals Our management team setting goals for our projects, we able to persist with the list of tasks and are compelled to develop strategies in order to reach our objective. Goal setting enhances performance by increasing motivation and efforts, but most importantly through increasing and improving the quality of feedback. The main benefit of goal setting is the constant feedback while working toward accomplishing the goal. Most quality feedback requires constant supervisor interaction, but clear goal setting can give employees consistent knowledge about their progress and aid them in self-evaluations and decisions such as increasing effort or changing methods. Employee Recognition Program My Company has set up an employee of the month program. The most outstanding employee will have awards like gift cards, days off. These programs are designed to motivate employees through awards. If just use traditional things like plaques and coffee mugs that say employee of the month. They will feel like you went out of your way for them. Enjoyable Work Environment This is the most important things to create employees motivation. Having a pleasant workplace environment will help in motivating employees and increase performance. Having fun is also a great way to manage Stress. For example, we will have Christmas party, Annual dinner and Chinese New Year lunch every year provided by company. Assemble Roundtable Committee In my Company, there are some key people like mid-level leaders, Department Heads group together and elect one representative. This individual will meet with management to discuss issues and concerns of the employees. Leaders often will say they have an open door policy. But many employees will not believe this. This committee will allow leaders to maintain a calm workplace. So in short: leaders get a good work environment, committee members feel important, and employees have a way to vent. Cross Training My Company arrange cross training for employees to join. The purpose of cross training is for several people to have knowledge of other coworker’s jobs. This will solve coverage problems like days off and vacations. This is a great way to create employee motivation throughout the company. It will benefit the employees by increasing skills learned, possible advancement and job security. In Conclusion, motivation is a complicated subject to understand because we as people are so individual. Many different factors motivate people in the workplace. It is important that companies find successful ways to motivate employees. If motivation is an issue that is neglected because of its complexity or any other reason the results can be devastating on the long term health of that group. Managers act as the doctors diagnosing the problem and creating effective treatment. If the treatment is carefully prescribed a weak company can become strong and vibrant once again. No other issue has as far reaching effects in so many areas as motivation does in the workplace and careful attention must be made to ensure that those effects are positive and enable further growth. It is also important that employees find ways to relieve stress and make the work day more relaxed. All of these things will make for a pleasant and more productive workplace. How to cite How motivation theories can be applied in your work-place?, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

The French Revolution; Social Classes free essay sample

Three main social groups coexisted during the French Revolution: Clergy or â€Å"First State†, the Nobility or â€Å"Second State† and the bourgeoisie and the peasants or â€Å"Third State†. No matter that the â€Å"Third State† was the majority of the French population, the right of property was unequally distributed since 10% of the total property was owned by 1% of the population and 97% of the population owned only 55% of the total French land. (S6). Besides, the â€Å"Third State† was subject to several taxes benefiting the clergy and the nobility and its members could barely survive because they were also obliged to give for free the products they cultivated from the land. The â€Å"First State† wanted to keep the existing â€Å"status quo†. That meant to keep its privileges, its possessions and the exemption from taxation. Their reluctance to accept changes generated violence and terror resulting in the beheading of King Louis XVI and many other people (S8). We will write a custom essay sample on The French Revolution; Social Classes or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The â€Å"Second State† enjoyed privileges that ranged from ownership of big pieces of land to exemption of taxation and specific taxes established on their benefit (S2). The bourgeoisie was the middle class composed of merchants that was the main thrust behind the French Revolution. The bourgeoisie wanted power and privilege commensurate with their place in business and administration. A severe financial crisis of the monarchy, a lack of food and particularly bread (S3) plus severe limitations posed to their aspirations by the â€Å"First and Second States† are the main reasons to explain the French Revolution. By 1794, the bourgeoisie reasserted its control but could not consolidate itself through representative institutions, so it had to surrender its power to Napoleon Bonaparte (S4). When Bonaparte is defeated by the Russians in 1812 and during the restoration (1814-1815) the bourgeoisie found the regime it most suited its aspirations no matter its limited electorate and constitutional government setting. The Third State was integrated by the peasants. They represented 26 million people 97% of the French population and as it was mentioned before, they were the owners of only 55% of the total territory of France. Without their participation the French Revolution could have not been realized. Their complaints were the most important matters of the National Assembly. However, there were no peasant members in that assembly. When they realized that their demands were neglected no matter that they were the majority of the French population, they decided to give a full strike to the â€Å"establishment† causing the French Revolution to crystallize. Peasants wanted equality for everyone (S2 and S5) since they had suffered abuses and exactions that benefited the â€Å"First and Second States†(S11 â€Å"Le peuple sous l’ancien regime). The monarchy called the Estates-General hoping to pacify social unrest and demands but on the contrary it provided the occasion for the bourgeoisie to seize power and reshape social, legal and political institutions according to its own interests (S12). After a long period away from power, during the restoration (1814-1815) they were able to regain power but for a brief period of time. The Third State proposed that a civilized society should be built on liberty, equality and fraternity and that it could attain those objectives through the adoption of the Declaration of the Rights of Man. Among those principles enshrined in that declaration are : men are born equal in rights; every society should aim at the common wellness; sovereignty resides exclusively on the nation; that law has to be approved as a result of a consent of the majority; freedom of speech and religion; the elimination of the difference between rich and poor people and the establishment the principle according to which every country had to have three independent powers executive, legislative and judiciary to run a successful government(S12). As a result the Clergy and the Nobility lost most of their privileges. Generation of authorities was only possible through democracy and not through autocratic processes (S7 and S10). Responsibility to educate young generations was transferred from the clergy to the civil government (Packet 3, Page 45-46). National Constituent Assembly operated a profound change in every aspect of the French political, legal and judicial systems giving preeminence to the bourgeoisie over the Clergy, Nobility and the Peasants. However, Peasants also met their aspirations that were to overthrow the monarchy and become equal in social standards with the nobility. In addition, the Directory (1795-1799) transformed the Republic into a Military dictatorship. In the end, the meaning of the words â€Å"liberty†, â€Å"equality† and â€Å"fraternity† that inspired the French Revolution ended up having different meaning for the social classes involved in the French Revolution. Overall, the poverty had the best effect of the French Revolution.

Monday, March 23, 2020

Biography On Michelangelo Essays - Sistine Chapel, Michelangelo

Biography On Michelangelo Trifles make perfections, and perfection is no trifle, Michelangelo once stated. He is one of the greatest artists of all time and is unmatched by any other. Michelangelo is the creator of works of sublime beauty that express the full breadth of human condition. Yet, he was caught between conflicting powers and whims of his patrons, the Medicis of Florence and Papacys in Rome. Michelangelo was born on the sixth of March in 1475, the second of five brothers in a small town called Caprese, in Tuscany. He always considered himself to be a Florentine, as did his father. Francesca Neri, his mother, was sick and frail. As a result, he stayed with a nurse in a family of stonecutters. It was there that Michelangelo decided he wanted to become an artist. When he turned thirteen, he agreed to apprentice in the workshop of Domenico Ghirlandaio. After one year of learning the art of fresco, he went on to study at the sculpture school at the Medici gardens. They saw his talent and he was invited into the household of Lorenzo the Magnificent. During the years that he spent in the Garden of San Marco, Michelangelo began to study human anatomy. He would perform autopsies on the corpses and study the muscles and bones in order to perfect his sculptures. In exchange for permission to study corpses at a church that administered a hospital, the prior received a wooden crucifix from Michelangelo. His contact with the dead bodies caused some problems with his health. By the time he was sixteen, Michelangelo had produced at least two relief sculptures, the Battle of the Centaurs and the Madonna of the Stairs. These showed that he achieved a personal style at a young age. Michelangelo went to Rome, where he examined many classical statues and ruins that had been newly unearthed. In 1496, he produced his first large-scale sculpture, Bacchus. Following Bacchus, he did the marble Pieta in St. Peters Basilica. The Pieta was probably one of the most famous works that he finished before he was twenty-five years old. It was said that after it was placed in St. Peters, Michelangelo heard a pilgrim say that another artist did the work from Lombard. In a fit of rage, he took a hammer and chisel and on the sash that runs across Marys breast inscribed Michelangelo Buonarroti, Florentine, made this. It was the only work that he ever signed. Michelangelos temper was proverbial, his character difficult, touchy, stubborn, and he often had difficulties in relations with others. After returning to Florence, Michelangelo produced the gigantic fourteen-foot marble David which he worked on for four years. The character of David and what he symbolizes can be described as his patriotic feelings at the time. Florence was going through a difficult period. Michelangelo used David as a model of courage, demonstrating that inner spiritual strength can be more effective than weapons. While still working on the David, he was given an opportunity to demonstrate his ability as a painter during a commission of a mural, the Battle of Cascina. Michelangelo created a series of nude and clothed figures that are a prelude to his next project, the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. Michelangelo always considered himself a sculptor and tried to turn down the commission, but in vain. Initially, he was to paint twelve figures of apostles and some decorations on the ceiling. Those however, he destroyed and in place decided to, with the popes permission, paint the story of the Old Testament which is currently present in the chapel. Before the assignment of the Sistine ceiling, Michelangelo was commissioned by Julius II to produce his tomb, which was planned to be the most magnificent of Christian times. After putting it aside to work on the Sistine ceiling, Michelangelo returned and redesigned it on a more modest scale. The tomb was to include more than forty figures carved from marble. Michelangelo made some of his finest sculptures for the Julius Tomb, including the Moses, the Bound Slave, and the Dying Slave. Years later, while residing in Florence, Michelangelo undertook the commission of the Medici Tombs. In the designing of the tomb, he wanted no accessory forms, only statues

Friday, March 6, 2020

The Downfall of the Tokugawa essays

The Downfall of the Tokugawa essays From years 1603 to 1869, the country of Japan was under the rule of the Tokugawa Shogunate. During this period of Japanese history the country suffer from a feudal military dictatorship under the rule of the shoguns of the Tokugawa family. The Feudal period in Japan, also known as the Edo period, was a time when the caste system was very firmly fixed and only the feudal lords and the samurai stood on top. Japan also became isolated because of foreign policies rejecting any offers from western nations to trade with the exception of the Dutch. Eventually due to the strict social orders and the exploitation of the peasant class by the government Japan became socially unstable. It was until the arrival of the United States naval ships led by Commodore Matthew Perry that Japan was forced to end its isolation from the western empires. This event created crisis within the country leading to the downfall of the Tokugawa Shogunate. Opposition forces in Japan used the humiliating intrusion of foreigners as an excuse to overthrow the discredited shogun and the Tokugawa bakufu. The fall of the Tokugawa Shogunate was a result of many events such as wars, rebellion, and treaties that caused the end of the Tokugawa rule. What factor was the most important to the fall of the Tokugawa government in Japan? Did the arrival of the American ships to the Japanese coast trigger a series of events that ended the Tokugawa rule? Or was the collapse inevitable due to the internal problems the country was facing during those times? Historians debate the importance of the events that occur during the fall of the Tokugawa but they all agree that foreign invasion, economic crisis, and revolutions are major reasons for the collapse of the feudal government. The Tokugawa Shogunate was abolished in year 1868 when the imperialist rebels defeated the shogunate forces and restored the power to the emperor of Japan. The defeat of the Tokugawa government ...

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Multi National Companies- Boon or bane of globalization PowerPoint Presentation

Multi National Companies- Boon or bane of globalization - PowerPoint Presentation Example On one hand poverty remains as it is and on the other global corporate giants make their way commercially into poor nations. The second and third pictures show the outcome of Vogue photo shoot in India where the luxury brands are put on the poor people on the streets of New Delhi who perhaps strive to arrange for two square meals a day. The concept behind the advertisement is that the expensive fashion brands might wish to make this section of people their customers some day. This would be a far-fetched idea to come true and more than that it is ethically incorrect to put such contrasting scenarios in the photos. The photos also capture the attempt at forced westernization in the fashion industry. This is not only concerning the textiles segment but also other industries like sports and machineries. A burning question thus emerges whether multi-national corporations that is to globalization as white pigeon to peace is a boon or curse to the world? In what ways MNCs have affected glob alization? The multi-national corporations might be considered as the harbinger of globalization. A multi-national corporation is a firm that has its assets spread over many other countries along with its country of origin. In terms of the size; these firms are huge and some of them has turnover that might overshadow the GDP of a developing or less developed country. Ironically much like its parental body globalization; multi-national corporations are surrounded with much debate. In what ways do MNCs affect national governments? The classical and new classical economists consider globalization as a boon to society and votes against government intervention. As multi-national corporations are the direct product of globalization that consider the world as a borderless playing field and strongly depend on market force; hence an indirect support towards multi-national corporations can be drawn from the classical and neo classical economists. On the other hand the radical economists from Marxist clan always referred globalization and free market mechanism biased towards the haves and hence for a just social allocation supported government intervention. Little or no support can be found from the Marxist and Keynesians regarding multi-national corporations. If a national government becomes heavily dependent upon the FDI then inefficiency might creep up into its revenue accumulation system. All its development expenditure might then become dependent on FDI and if the MNC decides not to invest in the concerned nation all might collapse rapidly. Again at the worst a nexus of bribery might form between the government official and the multi national corporation that will again result in inefficient allocation of resources. As many MNCs have higher level of revenue than the GDP of developing and less developed countries hence if it withdraws its fund invested in a country and other MNCs follow suit then in no time it will bring a catastrophe to the concerned countryi. What are some of the potential positive consequences of this rising power of MNCs? The arguments favoring multi-national corporation stresses on its huge capital power that a country may take advantage if that multi-national corporation invest in that country. This is especially important if that country belongs to the developing or less developed clan. Since unemployment is a huge problem in those countries, hence fresh investments by the multi-national